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Lithium Facts for Kids

Lithium Facts for Kids

  • Element Name: Lithium
  • Element Symbol: Li
  • Atomic Number: 3
  • Atomic Weight: 6.941 u
  • Group: 1
  • Period: 2
  • Block: s-block

27 Lithium Facts For Kids

  1. Lithium is one of the chemical elements on the periodic table.
  2. The symbol for lithium on the periodic table is Li.
  3. The atomic number for lithium on the periodic table is 3.
  4. Lithium’s standard atomic weight is 6.94 u.
  5. Lithium is in group 1 (alkali metals) on the periodic table.
  6. Lithium is a period 2 element on the periodic table.
  7. Lithium is in the s-block on the periodic table.
  8. Swedish chemist Johan August Arfwedson discovered lithium in 1817.
  9. English chemist William Thomas Brande first isolated lithium in 1821.
  10. At standard temperature and pressure (STP) lithium is a solid.
  11. Lithium in its pure form has a metallic luster, but when exposed to air it will corrode and turn black overtime.
  12. Lithium is a combustible and reactive chemical element.
  13. Lithium’s melting point is 356 °F and its boiling point is 2,426 °F.
  14. [He] 2s1 is the electron configuration for lithium.
  15. Lithium has 2, 1 electrons per shell.
  16. Chemists have discovered 11 known isotopes of lithium.
  17. The two stable isotopes of lithium are lithium-6 and lithium-7.
  18. Lithium is the lightest metal on the periodic table.
  19. Lithium has the least density of any solid element on the periodic table.
  20. Lithium is believed to be one of the light elements created moments after the Big Bang.
  21. The most common use of lithium is the production of lithium-ion batteries.
  22. Another common use of lithium is the creation of lubricating grease for machinery.
  23. Several different lithium compounds are used in flares and fireworks.
  24. Pharmaceutical companies use lithium in medicines to treat bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder, and cyclic major depression.
  25. Lithium is used in nano welding in batteries and other electronic devices.
  26. Most of the lithium reserves in the world are in Bolivia, Argentina, and Chile, also known as the Lithium Triangle.
  27. Lithium mining produces a lot of mining waste that is bad for the environment and can create significant health hazards.

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Lithium Pictures

If a picture is worth a thousand words, then the below images will be helpful for your research on the chemical element lithium. Below are three various pictures related to lithium. These pictures should help you better understand lithium, an element on the periodic table of elements.

Diagram of the electron shell for Lithium

A diagram of the electron shell for lithium.

A lithium battery for a electric car

A picture of a lithium battery in an electric car.

An open pit lithium mine

A picture of an open pit lithium mine.

Lithium Resources

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